Country Profile

The Population as Per Male and Female (2019)

Urban and Rural Population 2019

The Population Growth Rate(Annual) 2019

The Population Ages 2019

HIV Prevalence Rate for the Population Aged (15 - 49) 2013

Unemployment Rate for Population (15 - 64 Years) 2018

Youth Not in Employment or Education Training (NEET)

Literacy Rate for Population (15 - 49 Years) 2018

Rural population growth rate (annual %)101.2 (2019)Population Growth (annual %)112.9 (2019)Government
Land
Geographical Location1 West Africa
Land Area2 10,  690 KM2
Population Density3 174 Person KM2
Population
Population4 2,347,706
Population, female (% of total)5 50.4 (2019)
Population, male (% of total)6 49.6 (2019)
Urban population (% of total)7 61.9 (2019)
Urban population growth rate (annual %)8 4.0 (2019)
Rural population (% of total population)9 38.0 (2019)
Rural population growth rate (annual %)10 1.2 (2019)
Population growth rate (annual %)11 2.9 (2019)
Population ages 15-19, female (% of female population)12 10.6 (2019)
Population ages 15-19, male (% of male population)13 10.8 (2019)
Type14 Presidential Republic
Electoral Cycle15 5 Years
Constitution16 1997 Constitution of The Republic of The Gambia
The proportion of seats held by women in National Parliament(%)17 10.3  (2019)
Key Political events18 18 February 1965 gained Independence
Number of Local Government Areas19 8
Economy
GDP ( USD Billion)20 1.90 (2020)
GDP per capita (USD)21 807 (2019)
GDP per capita growth (annual %)22 -2.9 (2020)
Trade (% of GDP)23 55.5% (2019)
Net official development assistance received ( USD)24 194, 039, 993.286 (2019)
Net ODA received per capita (USD)25 82.7 (2019)
Social Indicators
Proportion of the Population living below $1.25 /per day26 48.6 (2015 – 2016)
Domestic general government health expenditure (% of GDP)27 0.9 (2018)
Domestic general government health expenditure (% of  current health expenditure)28 30.6 (2018)
Current Health Expenditure per capita (USD)29 22.2 (2018)
Domestic private health expenditure per capita (USD)30 33.3 (2018)
Prevelence of anaemia among pregnant women (%)31 55.1 (2019)
Demand for family planning satisfied by modern methods (% of married women with demad for family planning)32 41.3 (2019 – 2020)
Maternal Mortality ratio (per 100, 000 live births)33 289 (2019 – 2020)
Mortality rate, neonatal (per 1, 000 live births)34 29 (2019 – 2020)
Mortality rate, under – 5 (per 1, 000 live births)35 56 (2019 – 2020)
Fertility rate, total (births per woman)36 4.4 (2019 – 2020)
Life Expectancy at birth, Female37 63.5 (2019)
Life Expectancy at birth, Male38 60.6 (2019)
Contraceptive prevalence, any methods (% of women ages 15 – 49)39 19.0 (2019 – 2020)
Contraceptive prevalence, modern methods (% of women ages 15 – 49)40 17.0 (2019 – 2020)
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1000 women ages 15 – 19)41 65.0 (2019 – 2020)
Birth attended by skilled health personnel42 83.8 (2019 – 2020)
HIV prevalence rate for the population aged (15 – 49 years)43 Total 1.9 (2013)
Male 1.7 (2013)
Female 2.1 (2013)
Umemployment rate for the population aged (15 – 49 years)44 Total 35.2 (2018)
Male 42.9 (2018)
Female 57.1 (2018)
Youth Unemployment Rate (15 – 35 Years)45 41.5 (2018)
Youth not in employment, education or training (NEET)46 Total 56.8 (2018)
Male 44.7 (2018)
Female 56.3 (2018)
Literacy rate for the population aged (15 – 49 years)47 Male 63.4 (2018)
Female 48.1 (2018)
The proportion of the population with access to safely managed drinking water48 33.8 (2018)
The proportion of the population with access to improve sanitary facilities49 61.8 (2018)
1 https://www.britannica.com/place/The-Gambia 2 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/census-2013-8 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/census-2013-8 4 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL?locations=GM 5 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL.FE.ZS?locations=GM 6 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL.MA.ZS?locations=GM 7 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.URB.TOTL?locations=GM 8 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.URB.GROW?locations=GM 9 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.RUR.TOTL?locations=GM 10 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.RUR.TOTL.ZG?locations=GM 11 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.GROW?locations=GM 12 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.1519.FE.5Y?locations=GM 13 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.1519.MA.5Y?locations=GM  14 https://globaledge.msu.edu/countries/the-gambia/government 15 https://www.moj.gm/downloads 16 https://www.moj.gm/downloads 17 https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/263072020GambiaVNR.pdf 18 https://www.officeholidays.com/holidays/gambia/gambia-independence-day 19 The Gambia National Policy for Decentralization and Local Government (2015-2024) 20 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD?locations=GM 21 Gambia Bureau of Statistic 2019 22 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.KD.ZG?locations=GM 23 https://www.macrotrends.net/countries/GMB/gambia/trade-gdp-ratio 24 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/DT.ODA.ODAT.CD?locations=GM 25 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/DT.ODA.ODAT.PC.ZS?locations=GM
26 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/integrated-household-survey-ihs-24
27 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.XPD.GHED.GD.ZS?locations=GM
28 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.XPD.GHED.CH.ZS?locations=GM
29 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.XPD.CHEX.PC.CD?locations=GM
30 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.XPD.PVTD.CH.ZS?locations=GM
31 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.PRG.ANEM?locations=GM
32 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/reports-fact-sheets-76
33 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/reports-fact-sheets-76
34 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/reports-fact-sheets-76
35 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/reports-fact-sheets-76
36 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/reports-fact-sheets-76
37 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.DYN.LE00.FE.IN?locations=GM
38 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.DYN.LE00.MA.IN?locations=GM
39 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/reports-fact-sheets-76
40 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/reports-fact-sheets-76
41 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/reports-fact-sheets-76
42 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/reports-fact-sheets-76
43 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/reports-fact-sheets-73
44 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/gambia-labour-force-survey-29
45 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/gambia-labour-force-survey-29
46 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/gambia-labour-force-survey-29
47 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/the-mics-survey-findings-report-58
48 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/the-mics-survey-findings-report-58
49 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/the-mics-survey-findings-report-58